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All About Coyotes

Habitats

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Stop and Think! Coyotes are one of the most adaptable animals in the world. It used to be that coyotes were mostly found in the northwestern United States. Coyotes can now be found in every part of North America, and some parts of Central America. Because they can adjust their eating habits, breeding patterns, and social behavior, coyotes can survive in almost any habitat.

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Most coyotes live on open prairies and in brushy areas. They sleep out in the open unless the weather is bad or they are being chased. In these cases, coyotes will retreat to their dens, which are usually hidden from sight. The only other time these dens are used is when a mother is giving birth to pups.

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Although coyotes can live in just about any climate, they are mostly found in areas with open grasslands and low elevations. They tend to stay within 10-12 miles of their den. When food is scarce, coyotes will travel well beyond this range.

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Coyotes adapt to the environment around them. This means that coyotes sometimes have to learn to coexist with human beings. Coyotes adjust well to living in urban areas. They find food by scavenging in garbage cans and hunting other urban animals such as raccoons and opossums. Since coyotes can be dangerous, humans must be careful to keep coyotes away from their homes. This means covering garbage cans tightly, bringing small pets inside at night, and fencing in their yards. Stop and Think!

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Create your own summary. Use the Key Points list below or use the Text Help toolbar to highlight and collect key points you choose from the text. Then write a summary in your own words. You could also try sketching your summary.

Key Points

Coyotes are very adaptable and can live in almost any habitat.

Most coyotes live in open grasslands and brushy areas.

They live outside their dens, retreating there only when chased or giving birth.

Coyotes can also live in urban areas.

They can be dangerous, so humans must take precautions to keep them away.

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MontyHaliPedro


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Reading Strategy

Choose one of the strategies you've practiced here—visualize, summarize, predict, or question. Pick one that works well for you and is suited to the passage.

Text help toolbar

Use the Text Help toolbar located above to highlight and collect the words and phrases. Paste them into your word processor and write, sketch, or discuss your response.


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Monty's Thoughts

This passage talks a lot about the coyotes' ability to adapt to different environments so I will ask a relevant question to help me remember this unique characteristic.



Monty's Response

The author claims that coyotes can survive in almost any habitat so I asked a question about how the claim is true.

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Hali's Thoughts

I start my question with the word 'why' because 'why' questions lead to in-depth answers. The map of the coyote's habitat raises many 'why' questions, such as why coyotes live in the Americas and not other places.



Hali's Response

The author says that coyotes are one of the most adaptable animals in the world. When I ask myself why this is so, I will list and remember the unique characteristics that coyotes have that make them adaptable.

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Pedro's Self Check

Do your questions—

Ask about something important, not trivial?

Get to the point?

Often start with a question word (who, what, when, why, how)?

Focus on parts of the text or illustrations?

Require a substantive answer, not just a 'yes or no'?

Ask about character, setting, key events, lessons learned, objectivity, bias, or perspective?

Close Window

Monty's Thoughts

This passage talks a lot about the coyotes' ability to adapt to different environments so I will ask a relevant question to help me remember this unique characteristic.

Close Window

Hali's Thoughts

I start my question with the word 'why' because 'why' questions lead to in-depth answers. The map of the coyote's habitat raises many 'why' questions, such as why coyotes live in the Americas and not other places.

Close Window


Pedro's Self Check

Do your questions—

Ask about something important, not trivial?

Get to the point?

Often start with a question word (who, what, when, why, how)?

Focus on parts of the text or illustrations?

Require a substantive answer, not just a 'yes or no'?

Ask about character, setting, key events, lessons learned, objectivity, bias, or perspective?

Close Window

Monty's Thoughts

I really find it helpful to stop and ask myself questions about the story, especially when there is something that I don't understand very well. Stopping and forming a question can really help me because I try to answer my own question, and if I can't, I look up information in Resources or Strategy Help, or talk to a friend or teacher.

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Hali's Thoughts

Have you ever read a passage and not remembered a word of it? If I stop and visualize the scene like a picture in my head, it helps me remember much better.

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Monty's Thoughts

I looked for the summary that included all the important facts about the coyotes' habitat and that was not too detailed. Also, I read carefully if the summary missed out other important points.



Monty's Response

Coyotes can survive in almost any habitat. They are very adaptable, but they like bushy areas. Coyotes can also live in urban areas, so humans should be careful and watch for them.

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Hali's Thoughts

When I summarize, I try to include all the important facts to capture the gist of the passage. I also try to state them as concisely as possible, instead of writing every detail.

Close Window


Pedro's Self Check

To check your summary, ask yourself if your summary—

Captures the main ideas and key information.

Has the right amount of detail (not too much, not too little).

Combines several ideas or facts into one statement.

Paraphrases, or explains in your own words.

Includes information from text and images.

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Monty's Thoughts

I checked if my summary included all the important facts about the coyotes' habitat and that it was not too detailed. Also, I read carefully if the summary missed out other important key facts.

Close Window

Hali's Thoughts

When I summarize, I try to include all the important facts to capture the gist of the passage. I also try to state them as concisely as possible, instead of writing every detail.

Close Window


Pedro's Self Check

To check your summary, ask yourself if your summary—

Captures the main ideas and key information.

Has the right amount of detail (not too much, not too little).

Combines several ideas or facts into one statement.

Paraphrases, or explains in your own words.

Includes information from text and images.

Close Window

Monty's Thoughts

One thing I think about when I write summaries is that it's important to use my own words. That way, I know I understand what I'm writing, rather than just copying the author's words.

Close Window

Hali's Thoughts

When I ask myself questions about a text, I find I discover more about what the author is trying to convey. I often start my questions with the words 'who,' 'what,' 'when,' 'why,' and 'how.'