Coyotes are one of the most adaptable animals in the world. It used to be that coyotes were mostly found in the northwestern United States. Coyotes can now be found in every part of North America, and some parts of Central America. Because they can adjust their eating habits, breeding patterns, and social behavior, coyotes can survive in almost any habitat.
Most coyotes live on open prairies and in brushy areas. They sleep out in the open unless the weather is bad or they are being chased. In these cases, coyotes will retreat to their dens, which are usually hidden from sight. The only other time these dens are used is when a mother is giving birth to pups.
Although coyotes can live in just about any climate, they are mostly found in areas with open grasslands and low elevations. They tend to stay within 10-12 miles of their den. When food is scarce, coyotes will travel well beyond this range.
Coyotes adapt to the environment around them. This means that coyotes sometimes have to learn to coexist with human beings. Coyotes adjust well to living in urban areas. They find food by scavenging in garbage cans and hunting other urban animals such as raccoons and opossums. Since coyotes can be dangerous, humans must be careful to keep coyotes away from their homes. This means covering garbage cans tightly, bringing small pets inside at night, and fencing in their yards.